Haskell History: 1884 to Present
This exhibit, originally opened in 2002 as “Honoring Our Children Through Seasons of Sacrifice, Survival, Change, and Celebration” tells the story of the many evolutions Haskell has gone through: from a institute school teaching basic skills like domestic cooking, cleaning, sewing, and farming; to elementary level classes; to incorporating high school level classes; to developing into a vocational-technical school; evolving into a junior college; and later progressing into the present day four-year university for Tribal students.
Sacrifice: We are not just honoring our Haskell children, but all children who lived and died in a boarding school as part of the federal government’s assimilation policy. The federal boarding school policy began in 1879, and Haskell became established in 1884. The early years of the boarding school were traumatic for Indian children and their families. Initially, students were required to stay at Haskell for four years without contact with family and tribes, to sever the connection to tribal traditions and customs. During the early years, the school was run like the military, requiring students to wear uniforms and march everywhere. The early years offered classes only in domestic skills like housekeeping and farming.
Survival: The students seized the opportunity to build new intertribal communities which provided them with the emotional, physical, and psychological support they needed to help them survive the devastating conditions they lived under. Students united and began to seek change. Additionally, students who graduated from Haskell stayed on as staff and faculty and helped shape the school to what it is today. The level of education increased from elementary level to high school level during these years.
Change: The years of 1925 through 1965 were full of constant change and adaptation. This time frame included the changing responses to the federal government’s Indian education policies. Dr. Henry Roe Cloud was hired in 1933 as the first Native superintendent at Haskell, and he changed the curriculum to reorganization and emphasizing Native culture.
Celebration: The school changed yet again from the 1960s to a junior college level. The Red Power movement reflected the federal policy of self-determination, and Haskell became a place for culturally centered organizations, student publications, and tribal events throughout the year, as well as excelling academically. Then in 1993, Haskell became Haskell Indian Nations University with the addition of the first of the four-year baccalaureate degree programs currently offered at Haskell.
Today this exhibit has expanded to celebrate what Haskell has become, and what the students made it into, a four-year university for students from all tribal nations, with baccalaureate degrees in elementary teacher education, environmental science, business, and American Indian Studies. Today Haskell is a place that students are proud to graduate from, and many alumni return each year for homecoming and graduation to help their fellow students celebrate this great achievement of survival and triumph.
The Haskell Cultural Center and Museum is a partner in the Freedom’s Frontier National Heritage Area.
Haskell Cultural Center and Museum
2411 Barker Avenue
Lawrence, Kansas 66046
Phone (785) 832-6686
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